Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common eye disease in adults over the age of 60. It affects the part of the eye called the macula, which is in the back of the eye and involves photoreceptors that provide central vision.
Diagnosis of macular degeneration is typically done by optometrists or ophthalmologists. They do some tests to detect macular degeneration disease. Sometimes AMD can be detected in a routine eye examination.
One of the key symptoms of AMD warning is when a person has yellow deposits in the macula, called drusen. It can be detected in a routine eye examination.
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Another eye test that could detect this disease is the Amsler grid. This is a test that is given to patients with a straight line pattern that resembles a checkerboard. If the patient shows some straight lines appear wavy, they may suffer from AMD.
AMD may be caused by genetic and environmental factors. Because the disease can occur without any noticeable symptoms, an eye doctor can test for macular degeneration patients without complaints. If you have family members who have AMD, you should let your doctor know this. Optometrists perform a thorough examination of the retina to determine abnormalities in the macula.
Once a patient is diagnosed with AMD, an ophthalmologist or optometrist can collaborate with colleagues in different specialties to implement a plan of care for patients. AMD is incurable. However, treatment can improve the patient's quality of life by keeping the patient's vision as much good as possible and prevent further vision loss.